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GERMANY

GREIF 1b

HEINKEL

The design of the GREIF 1A glider started in 1959. It was carried out by a young student named OTTO FUNK* on behalf of HEINKEL of Speyer (otherwise it would be called FK1). GREIF 1A made its first flight in December 1960. It was first presented to the public during the Hanover Airshow in 1962.

* Thereafter Otto Funk would design the entire series of FK Ulm, worldwide known.

Greif _1a_-_ 01.jpg
Heinkel Greif 1a glider. Source : Aviation week, june 1962.

The Variant Greif 1b was equipped with a BMW 8026 turbojet. The engine was integrated into the fuselage. It was attached to the bulkhead behind the pilot's seat, inclined at about 30 ° towards the ground. It allowed a self launch. 

Greif _1b_-_ 02.jpg
Greif 1b, Hanover Air show, 1962

Greif 1b Technical data

ManufacturerErnst Heinkel Flugzeugbau Gmbh 
TypePlaneur à dispositif d'envol incorporé
First flight1960
Nb. built1
Crew1

Power plant

EngineBMW 8026
Count1
TypeTurboréacteur
Max. ratings 46 kg101.4 lb st

Dimensions

Span17,00 m55,77 ft
Length7,20 m22.97 ft
Heightm ft
Areas17,10 m²184 ft²
Aspect ratio16,8

Weights 

Empty256 kg564 lb
Crewkglb
Fuel & Oil
WaterballastKglb
Max. permissible400 kg882 lb
Wing loading23,4 kg/m²4,80 lb/ft²

Performances 

Vne - Max. speed250 km/h155 mph
Vno - Max. speed in operation km/hmph
Vs - Stall speedkm/hmph
Max. rate of climb2,4 m/s470 ft/min
Service ceilingmft
Rangekmmiles
Vitesse d'atterrissagekm/hmph
Best gliding ratio 32 (82 km/h)32 (51 mph)
G limits

To achieve its jet glider, Otto Funk has benefited from many solutions already integrated in the design of the Greif 1a. Specialy :

  • An all metal construction, in order to be able to maintain a low Weight
  • Some low load elements, made of glassfibre. 

Wings

The wing has a trapezoidal contour, without dihedral. The main bond ribs are aluminum. All the others are made of polystyrene foam. The fuselage fittings are made of steel. The coating is aluminum 0.5 mm thick. The ailerons and brakes of the Schempp-Hirth type are made of lightweight metal.*

Fuselage

The front fuselage, from the tip to the end of the reactor compartment, consists of tubular steel frames covered with a non-structural glassfibre shell. The rear of the fuselage consists of a tubular beam made of lightweight alloy sheet. The two sections are assembled by 4 bolts.

Tail unit

It is a V-tail at 100 °. One of the peculiarities of this empennage is to have its two planes interchangeable.

Greif_1b_04.jpg
Heinkel Greif 1b jet glider. Source : Journal les Ailes, January 1962
Greif_1b_05.jpg